Jalisco is one of the 31 states which, with the Federal District, comprise the 32 Federal Entities of Mexico. It is located in central Western Mexico and divided in 125 municipalities, and its capital city is Guadalajara. Many of the characteristic traits of Mexican culture, particularly outside Mexico, are originally from Jalisco, such as mariachi, ranchera music, tequila, jaripeo, etc. The state is home to two significant indigenous populations, the Huichols and the Nahuas.
The name Jalisco is derived from the Nahuatl Xalisco, which means over a sandy surface. Until about 1836, the name was spelled “Xalisco,” with the “x” used to indicate the “sh” sound from Nahuatl. However, the modern Spanish based pronunciation is represented with a “j.”
Flag of Jalisco
The flag of Jalisco is a rectangle divided into two vertical stripes of identical width, with the colors of blue and gold. At the center of the flag is the state shield, with a diameter of three-quarters of the width of the stripes.
Coat of Arms of Jalisco
The coat of arms for Guadalajara was adopted and adapted as the state seal since 1989 with minor changes to distinguish the two.
Photo credits: Google images, Wikipedia