Puerto Rico 1930 United States Census

Last night I went ahead and signed up for the free 14-day trial at Ancestry.com, and I am so glad I did! I discovered more information about my paternal grandfather Juan Emilio Guerra – who his parents and grandparents were, and I discovered his sister as well. All of the information that becomes available is a bit overwhelming, and I could see how everything can get complicated very quickly!

I was able to view scanned documents and saved them as well. Here are documents that I currently have that pertain to my grandpa Juan Emilio Guerra:

1930 United States Federal Census
(Decimoquinto Censo De Los Estados Unidos: 1930; Poblacion – Puerto Rico)

  • Date: April 8, 1930
  • Location: Calle de Lopez?, Catano, Puerto Rico
  • Household members:
    • Emilio Guerra (68) – Head of family (jefe)
    • Carmen Rosario De Guerra (51) – Wife
    • Carmen Altagracia Guerra (5) – Granddaughter (nieta)
    • Juan Emilio Guerra (2) – Grandson (nieto)
    • Dominga Pover* Villafana (78) *or Power(s) – Mother-in-law (suegra)
    • Juana Rosado (20) – Daughter-in-law? (yerna)

Looking at the census was very interesting. For race, “col” was entered, which I am assuming means “colored” or Black. Only Juana Rosado had an occupation listed, and it was “despalilladora”. The literal translation is destemmer. I looked more into the term and despalilladoras were tobacco leaf strippers that strip the stems from the leaves. It makes sense, especially seeing that “Fabrica Cigarrio” was written under the industry category for her.

Puerto Rico, Social and Population Schedules, 1935-1936
(Censo Social Y De Poblacion: Puerto Rico)

  • Date: December 1, 1935
  • Location: Calle de Tren? #31?, Catano, Puerto Rico
  • Household members 1:
    • Emilio Guerra (55) – Jefe, married, carpenter
    • Carmen Rosario de Guerra (40) – Esposa?, concierge (conserje) at public school
    • Rosario Dominga Pover Vla.? (84) – Mother-in-law (suegra), widow
  • Household members 2:
    • Juan Antonio Guerra (29) – Jefe, consensual contract (common-law marriage), carpenter
    • Juana Gonzalez (27) – Wife, common-law marriage, linadera? in the home
    • Carmen Dominga Guerra (10), daughter
    • Juan Emilio Guerra (8), son

This is where the dates have already gotten mixed up. Between the two records above, the birthdates for Emilio Guerra and Carmen Rosario de Guerra are very off.

And finally, I was able to get a bit more information about my grandfather’s birthdate, military service and burial information through U.S. Veterans Gravesites. He was in the U.S. Army (Corporal rank) and served in Korea. He was buried in the Puerto Rico National Cemetery in Bayamon. He is also listed on FindAGrave.com here: Juan Emilio Guerra Gonzáles. I requested that someone take a picture of his tombstone. I will visit one day.


  • 1930 United States Federal Census (Decimoquinto Censo De Los Estados Unidos: 1930; Poblacion – Puerto Rico)
    • Citation: Year: 1930; Census Place: Catano, Catano, Puerto Rico; Roll: 2645; Page: 31A; Enumeration District: 1; Image: 64.0; FHL microfilm: 2342379.
    • Information: Ancestry.com. 1930 United States Federal Census [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2002.
    • Original data: United States of America, Bureau of the Census. Fifteenth Census of the United States, 1930. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Administration, 1930. T626, 2,667 rolls.
  • Puerto Rico, Social and Population Schedules, 1935-1936 (Censo Social Y De Poblacion: Puerto Rico)
    • Source Citation: Year: 1935; Census Place: , Catano, Puerto Rico; Roll: 17; Page: 3A; Enumeration District: 3-1A.
    • Source Information: Ancestry.com. Puerto Rico, Social and Population Schedules, 1935-1936 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations, Inc., 2013.
    • Original data: Social and Population Schedules of the 1935 Special Census of Puerto Rico, compiled 1935–1936. Microfilm publication M1881, 88 rolls. ARC ID: 2791195. Records of the Bureau of the Census, 1790–2007, Record Group 29. National Archives at Washington, D.C.

My Grandfather Juan Emilio Guerra

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